Lawbright

Vol.1, (2016)

Abstract

The Government of India has notified Biomedical Waste (Management and handing) Rules, 1998 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and is applicable to persons who generate, collect, receive, store, transport, treat, dispose, or handle biomedical waste in any form. Biomedical waste, if not disposed properly can cause disease to health care practitioners and common people. It is estimated that the hospitals in India, generates around 1 – 2 kg per bed per day of biomedical waste in a hospital and around 600 grams per day in a general practitioner clinic.

Keywords

Biomedical Waste Management, Biomedical Waste Rules, Hospital Waste, Biomedical Waste (Management and Handing) Rules, 1998, Duty of occupier, Segregation, Packaging, Transportation, Storage of Medical Waste, Common Waste Treatment Facility.

Author

Dr Sujata Sanjay Pawar

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Abstract

A ‘Central Bank’ plays an important role in the economy of a country. A Central Bank is an independent apex monetary authority which regulates banking sector. It provides vital financial services like storing of foreign exchange reserves, control of inflation, monetary policy report etc. It is also referred as the ‘the lender of last’ rescuing commercial banks and preventing the economy from failing. The functions of a Central Bank vary from country to country. They are autonomous or quasi autonomous institution and perform vital monetary functions for the country.

Keywords

Central Bank, Reserve Bank of India, Apex monetary authority, lender of last resort, Bank of England, Monetary Authority of Singapore, Central Bank of U.A.E, Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

Author

Yogesh Prasad Kolekar

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Abstract

A trade Union is a voluntary organization of workman established with the object to protect the rights of workman and to develop closer working relationships with the employer. A trade union is based on the principle of collective bargaining. The prime object of a trade union is to regulate relations between workman and employers and to provide a platform for the resolution of disputes through negotiation and collective bargaining. The Trade Union Act, 1926 under chapter III provides for the rights and liabilities of a registered trade union.

Keywords

Trade Union in India, Trade Union Meaning, Rights of Trade Union, General Fund, Political Fund, Sec 15 of the Trade Union Act, 1926, Sec.120-B of the Indian Penal Code, Chapter III of the Trade Union Act, 1926.

Author

Kirti Vijay Deshmane

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Abstract

The concept of Strikes and Lockouts are universal terms and can be said as the two sides of the same coin. Strikes are the tools in the hands of the workman and one of the components of collective bargaining. Strike is a stoppage or cessation of work by workman. The concept of strikes and lockouts has been recognized under chapter VA of the Industrial Disputes Acts, 1947. The section 22 lays down the procedure of strike and without following it, a strike can be declared as unlawful. Industrial peace is important for the development and growth of the country and hence this tool should be utilized only one other means of dispute resolution have exhausted.

Keywords

Meaning of Strike, Cessation of work, Section 22 of the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947, Strike notice, Section 23 of the Industrial Dispute Act, Public Utility Service.

Author

Vandana S Nimbalkar

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Abstract

The term retrenchment means cutting back or reduction. It's commonly understood as the removal or termination. The term ‘retrenchment’ was not originally included in the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947 and it was only in the year 1953. In India the term is explained under Section 2 (oo) of the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947 which says as ‘the terminations by the employer of the service and a workman for any reason whatsoever, otherwise than as punishment inflicted by way of disciplinary action.’

Keywords

Retrenchment Meaning, Retrenchment Compensation, Termination, Section 2 (oo) of Industrial Dispute Act, 1947,  Section 25-F, section 25G, Section 25N of the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947.

Author

Shivaji Parbati Shivankar

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